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Duisburg 1960

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duisburg 1960

Historische Aufnahmen und Ansichtskarten von der Duisburger Innenstadt aus dem vergangenen Ein Blick auf die Königsstraße zu Beginn der er Jahre. Die Straßenbahn Duisburg bildet seit das Rückgrat des öffentlichen Nahverkehrs in der Ruhrgebiets-Stadt Duisburg. Nachdem die Straßenbahnen in Duisburg bis zur Mitte der er Jahre auf. 2. Dez. Wie sah Duisburg früher aus - und wie dieselbe Ecke heute? Wir vergleichen Stadtansichten und zeigen, wie sich das Stadtbild seitdem.

Around , construction of the collegiate church of the abbey began, to be completed in A major fire in heavily damaged both the church and the settlement.

The church was rebuilt, expanded considerably, and is the foundation of the present Essen Cathedral. The first documented mention of Essen dates back to , when Zwentibold , King of Lotharingia , willed territory on the western bank of the River Rhine to the abbey.

Another document, describing the foundation of the abbey and allegedly dating back to , is now considered an 11th-century forgery.

She was to become the most important of all abbesses in the history of Essen. She reigned for over 40 years, and endowed the abbey's treasury with invaluable objects such as the oldest preserved seven branched candelabrum, and the Golden Madonna of Essen , the oldest known sculpture of the Virgin Mary in the western world.

Mathilde was succeeded by other women related to the Ottonian emperors: It was under the reign of Teophanu that Essen, which had been called a city since , received the right to hold markets in Ten years later, Teophanu had the eastern part of Essen Abbey constructed.

Its crypt contains the tombs of St. Altfrid, Mathilde II, and Teophanu herself. In , the abbey, which had only been an important landowner until then, gained the status of a princely residence when Emperor Frederick II called abbess Elisabeth I Reichsfürstin Princess of the Empire in an official letter.

In , 28 years later, Essen received its town charter and seal when Konrad von Hochstaden , the Archbishop of Cologne , marched into the city and erected a city wall together with the population.

This proved a temporary emancipation of the population of the city from the princess-abbesses, but this lasted only until That year, King Rudolph I restored the princess-abbesses to full sovereignty over the city, much to the dismay of the population of the growing city, who called for self-administration and imperial immediacy.

The title free imperial city was finally granted by Emperor Charles IV in However, in , Charles had paradoxically endorsed Rudolph I's decision and hence left both the abbey and the city in imperial favour.

Disputes between the city and the abbey about supremacy over the region remained common until the abbey's dissolution in Many lawsuits were filed at the Reichskammergericht , one of them lasting almost years.

The final decision of the court in was that the city had to be "duly obedient in dos and don'ts" to the abbesses but could maintain its old rights—a decision that did not really solve any of the problems.

In , the city council, with its self-conception as the only legitimate ruler of Essen, introduced the Protestant Reformation. The Catholic abbey had no troops to counter this development.

In , a "re-Catholicization" law was enacted, and churchgoing was strictly controlled. In , the city council filed against this at the Reichskammergericht.

Maria had to flee to Cologne when the Dutch stormed the city in She returned in the summer of following the Bavarians under Gottfried Heinrich Graf zu Pappenheim , only to leave again in September.

She died in Cologne. The war proved a severe blow to the city, with frequent arrests, kidnapping and rape. Even after the Peace of Westphalia from , troops remained in the city until 9 September The first historic evidence of the important mining tradition of Essen date back to the 14th century, when the princess-abbess was granted mining rights.

The first silver mine opened in , but the indisputably more important coal was not mentioned until , and coal mining only began in At the end of the 16th century, many coal mines had opened in Essen, and the city earned a name as a centre of the weapons industry.

Around , gunsmiths made high profits and in , they produced 14, rifles and pistols a year. The city became increasingly important strategically.

Resident in Essen since the 16th century, the Krupp family dynasty and Essen shaped each other. In , Friedrich Krupp founded Germany's first cast-steel factory in Essen and laid the cornerstone for what was to be the largest enterprise in Europe for a couple of decades.

The weapon factories in Essen became so important that a sign facing the main railway station welcomed visitor Benito Mussolini to the "Armory of the Reich " in Essen reached a population of , in Other industrialists, such as Friedrich Grillo, who in donated the Grillo-Theater to the city, also played a major role in the shaping of the city and the Ruhr area in the late 19th and early 20th century.

Riots broke out in February following a breakdown in the supply of flour. There were then strikes in the Krupp factory.

On January 11, , the Occupation of the Ruhr was carried out by the invasion of French and Belgian troops into the Ruhr.

On the morning of March 31, it came to the sad culmination of this French-German confrontation. This event called 13 deaths and 28 injured.

The occupation of the Ruhr ended in summer On the night of 10 November , the synagogue was sacked, but remained through the whole war in the exterior almost intact.

Tens of thousands of forced laborers arrived in the Nazi era in Essen camps, forced to Forced labour under German rule during World War II at companies like Krupp, Siemens and for mining work.

As a major industrial centre, Essen was a target for allied bombing, the Royal Air Force RAF dropping a total of 36, long tons of bombs on the city.

The Allied ground advance into Germany reached Essen in April The US th Parachute Infantry Regiment of the 17th Airborne Division , acting as regular infantry and not in a parachute role, entered the city unopposed and captured it on 10 April After the successful invasion of Germany by the allies, Essen was assigned to the British Zone of Occupation.

Although no weaponry is produced in Essen any more, old industrial enterprises such as ThyssenKrupp and RWE remain large employers in the city. The administration of Essen had for a long time been in the hands of the princess-abbesses as heads of the Imperial Abbey of Essen.

However, from the 14th century onwards, the city council increasingly grew in importance. In , it started choosing two burgomasters , one of whom was placed in charge of the treasury.

In , Essen was granted imperial immediacy [30] but had to abandon this privilege later on. Between the early 15th and 20th centuries, the political system of Essen underwent several changes, most importantly the introduction of the Protestant Reformation in , the annexation of by Prussia , and the subsequent secularization of the principality in The territory was made part of the Prussian Province of Jülich-Cleves-Berg from to , after which it became part of the Prussian Rhine Province until its dissolution in In they founded the Communist Workers' International.

Essen became one of the centres of resistance to Social Democracy and the Freikorps alike. During the Nazi era — , mayors were installed by the Nazi Party.

After World War II , the military government of the British occupation zone installed a new mayor and a municipal constitution modeled on that of British cities.

Later, the city council was again elected by the population. The mayor was elected by the council as its head and as the city's main representative.

The administration was led by a full-time Oberstadtdirektor. In , the position of Oberstadtdirektor was abolished in North Rhine-Westphalia and the mayor became both main representative and administrative head.

In addition, the population now elects the mayor directly. The last local elections took place on 27 September The coat of arms of the city of Essen is a heraldic peculiarity.

Granted in , it is a so-called Allianzwappen arms of alliance and consists of two separate shields under a single crown. Most other coats of arms of cities show a wall instead of a crown.

The crown, however, does not refer to the city of Essen itself, but instead to the secularized ecclesiastical principality of Essen under the reign of the princess-abbesses.

The dexter heraldically right escutcheon shows the double-headed Imperial Eagle of the Holy Roman Empire , granted to the city in The sinister heraldically left escutcheon is one of the oldest emblems of Essen and shows a sword that people believed was used to behead the city's patron Saints Cosmas and Damian.

People tend to connect the sword in the left shield with one found in the Cathedral Treasury. This sword, however, is much more recent.

Essen is twinned with: There are cooperations with the following cities: Essen hosts parts of the corporate headquarters of Schenker AG , the logistics division of Deutsche Bahn.

The Coca-Cola Company had originally established their German headquarters in Essen around , where it remained until , when it was moved to the capital Berlin.

In light of the Energy transition in Germany , Germany's largest electric utility E. ON announced that, after restructuring and splitting off its conventional electricity generation division coal, gas, atomic energy , it will move its headquarters to Essen in , becoming a sole provider of renewable energy.

The city's exhibition centre, Messe Essen , hosts some 50 trade fairs each year. It has been described as "the showcase event of the year for the tuning community" [38] and as the German version of the annual SEMA auto show in Las Vegas.

Important fairs restricted to professionals include "Security" security and fire protection , IPM gardening and E-World energy and water.

The Westdeutscher Rundfunk has a studio in Essen, which is responsible for the central Ruhr area. Each day, it produces a minute regional evening news magazine called Lokalzeit Ruhr , a 5-minute afternoon news programme, and several radio news programmes.

A local broadcasting station went on air in the late s. In Essen, the WAZ Group also publishes the local Borbecker Nachrichten at times Germany's largest local newspaper [ citation needed ] and Werdener Nachrichten , both of which had been independent weekly newspapers for parts of Essen.

Additionally, Axel Springer run a printing facility for their boulevard-style daily paper Bild in Essen. One renowned educational institution in Essen is the Folkwang University , a university of the arts founded in , which is headquartered in Essen and has additional facilities in Duisburg, Bochum and Dortmund.

In the institution began offering graduate studies and was renamed Folkwang University of the Arts. This coincided with Ruhr. Folkwang University of the Arts.

The University of Duisburg-Essen , which resulted from a merger of the universities of Essen and Duisburg, is one of Germany's "youngest" universities with about 42, Students.

Other fields include nanotechnology , discrete mathematics and "education in the 21st century". Another university in Essen is the private Fachhochschule für Ökonomie und Management , a university of applied sciences with over 6, students and branches in 15 other major cities throughout Germany.

Essen offers a highly diversified health care system with more than 1, resident doctors and almost 6, beds in 13 hospitals, including a university hospital.

The university hospital dates back to , when the city council established a municipal hospital; although it was largely destroyed during World War II , it was later rebuilt, and finally gained the title of a university hospital in It focuses on diseases of the circulatory system West German Heart Centre Essen , oncology and transplantation medicine , with the department of bone marrow transplantation being the second-largest of its kind in the world.

Three Autobahnen touch Essen territory, most importantly the Ruhrschnellweg Ruhr expressway, A 40 , which runs directly through the city, dividing it roughly in half.

In a west-eastern direction, the A 40 connects the Dutch city of Venlo with Dortmund, running through the whole Ruhr area.

In the north, the A 42 briefly touches Essen territory, serving as an interconnection between the neighboring cities of Oberhausen and Gelsenkirchen and destinations beyond.

A segment of the A 52 connects Essen with the more southern region around Düsseldorf. On Essen territory, the A 52 runs from the southern boroughs near Mülheim an der Ruhr past the fairground and then merges with the Ruhrschnellweg at the Autobahndreieck Essen-Ost junction east of the city centre.

An extension of the A 52 to connect the Essen-Ost junction with the A 42 to close this gap is considered urgent; [44] it has been planned for years but not yet been realized — most importantly due to the high-density areas this extension would lead through, resulting in high costs and concerns with the citizens.

As with most communes in the Ruhr area, local transport is carried out by a local, publicly owned company for transport within the city, the DB Regio subsidiary of Deutsche Bahn for regional transport and Deutsche Bahn itself for long-distance journeys.

The local carrier, Ruhrbahn, is a member of the Verkehrsverbund Rhein-Ruhr VRR association of public transport companies in the Ruhr area, which provides a uniform fare structure in the whole region.

The U-Stadtbahn, which partly runs on used Docklands Light Railway stock, is a mixture of tram and full underground systems with 20 underground stations for the U-Stadtbahn and additional 4 underground stations used by the tram.

Two lines of the U-Stadtbahn are completely intersection-free and hence independent from other traffic, and the U18 line leading from Mülheim main station to the Bismarckplatz station at the gates of the city centre partly runs above ground amidst the A 40 motorway.

Essen Hauptbahnhof Main Station. Essen Hauptbahnhof in the city centre. On the same motorway, a long-term test of a guided bus system is being held since Many Ruhrbahn rail lines meet at the main station but only a handful of bus lines.

All Ruhrbahn lines, including the Nacht Express lines, are closed on weekdays from 1: Of the Rhein-Ruhr S-Bahn net's 13 lines, 5 lines lead through Essen territory and meet at the Essen Hauptbahnhof main station, which also serves as the connection to the Regional-Express and Intercity-Express network of regional and nationwide high-speed trains, respectively.

Further 20 S-Bahn stations can be found in the whole urban area. All vehicles and staff were merged and are now operated together. While the first flights had already arrived in , it was officially opened on 25 August Tekstiili- ja tupakkateollisuuden vaikutuksesta Duisburg tuli jo luvulla merkittäväksi teollisuuskeskukseksi.

Myöhemmin se sai vielä suuremman merkityksen varsinkin Kruppien rauta- ja terästehtaiden sijaintipaikkana. Tämän vuoksi kaupungin väkiluku alkoi nopeasti kasvaa.

Vuonna Franz Haniel perusti sinne myös höyrylaivoja valmistaneen telakan. Ensimmäisen rautatieyhteyden Duisburg sai vuonna , jolloin valmistui sinne Düsseldorfista johtanut rautatie.

Seuraavana vuonna valmistui rata Düsseldorfista Dortmundin kautta Mindeniin. Vuonna Duisburgin ja Hambornin kaupungit yhdistettiin. Näin muodostuneen kaupungin nimi oli aluksi Duisburg-Hamborn, vuodesta lähtien vain Duisburg.

Koska Duisburg oli Ruhrin alueen keskeisin kaupunki ja sinne oli keskittynyt suuri määrä kemikaali -, rauta - ja terästeollisuutta , se joutui toisessa maailmansodassa liittoutuneiden ilmapommitusten tärkeimpiin kuuluvaksi kohteeksi.

Myöhemminkin kaupunkia pommitettiin useita kertoja, ankarimmin Sodan loppuvaiheessa, huhtikuussa Duisburg joutui myös ankaran tykistötulen kohteeksi.

Sodan päättymisen aikoihin toukokuussa yhdysvaltalaiset rakensivat Reinin yli ennätysajassa, noin kuudessa ja puolessa päivässä, metrin pituisen rautatiesillan, joka sai nimen Voiton silta engl.

Toisen maailmansodan pommitukset olivat tuhonneet Duisburgin historiallisen kaupunkikuvan lähes täydellisesti. Kaupunki oli rakennettava lähes kokonaan uudestaan, ja useimmat historialliset maamerkit ovat kadonneet.

Duisburgiin iski tornado Kaupungissa pidettiin seitsemännet World Games -kilpailut vuonna Love Parade -teknofestivaaleilla sattuneessa onnettomuudessa kuoli ainakin 21 ihmistä heinäkuussa Duisburg jakautuu seitsemään osa-alueeseen saks.

Näistä Mitte, kaupungin keskusta on suurin. Osa-alueet puolestaan jakautuvat edelleen yhteensä Heitä on saapunut kaupunkiin "vierastyöläisinä" luvulta lähtien, varsinkin fyysisesti raskaisiin ja matalapalkkaisiin töihin.

Monet Duisburgin turkkilaiset osaavat varsin huonosti saksaa. Kaupunkiin on rakenteilla Merkezin moskeija, joka on suurin moskeija sellaisessa maassa, jossa muslimit eivät ole enemmistönä.

Nach den Ergebnissen des Beste Spielothek in Forsthof finden am 9. Im Universitätsviertel mit der ältesten Duisburger Studentenkneipe Finkenkrug findet man eine abwechslungsreiche Kneipenlandschaft. Februar in Betrieb genommen. Im Rahmen dieses Wiederaufbaus verschwanden viele weitere historische Merkmale, nicht nur in der Altstadt. Das neueste Wasserwerk wurde vor dem Beste Spielothek in Vorbachzimmern finden eröffnet. Diese Seite wurde zuletzt am 2. Bei diesem Event handelt es sich um ein Kulturfestival vor industriellem Ambiente. Seit steigt die Einwohnerzahl. Leo Storm CDU oshi casino Der bedeutendste Politiker, der mit Duisburg in Verbindung steht, ist Karl Jarresder fast 20 Jahre lang — von bis — Duisburgs Oberbürgermeister war und von bis das Amt des Reichsministers des Innern bekleidete. April wurden in Hamborn Hier finden mittlerweile william hill casino club ipad Mitarbeiter einen Arbeitsplatz. Es wird seit von der Deutschen Oper am Rhein zusammen mit den Duisburger Philharmonikern bespielt. Jahrhunderts erwies sich das Bahnhofsgebäude als zu klein für die immer weiter wachsende Montanstadt.

Koska Duisburg oli Ruhrin alueen keskeisin kaupunki ja sinne oli keskittynyt suuri määrä kemikaali -, rauta - ja terästeollisuutta , se joutui toisessa maailmansodassa liittoutuneiden ilmapommitusten tärkeimpiin kuuluvaksi kohteeksi.

Myöhemminkin kaupunkia pommitettiin useita kertoja, ankarimmin Sodan loppuvaiheessa, huhtikuussa Duisburg joutui myös ankaran tykistötulen kohteeksi.

Sodan päättymisen aikoihin toukokuussa yhdysvaltalaiset rakensivat Reinin yli ennätysajassa, noin kuudessa ja puolessa päivässä, metrin pituisen rautatiesillan, joka sai nimen Voiton silta engl.

Toisen maailmansodan pommitukset olivat tuhonneet Duisburgin historiallisen kaupunkikuvan lähes täydellisesti.

Kaupunki oli rakennettava lähes kokonaan uudestaan, ja useimmat historialliset maamerkit ovat kadonneet.

Duisburgiin iski tornado Kaupungissa pidettiin seitsemännet World Games -kilpailut vuonna Love Parade -teknofestivaaleilla sattuneessa onnettomuudessa kuoli ainakin 21 ihmistä heinäkuussa Duisburg jakautuu seitsemään osa-alueeseen saks.

Näistä Mitte, kaupungin keskusta on suurin. Osa-alueet puolestaan jakautuvat edelleen yhteensä Heitä on saapunut kaupunkiin "vierastyöläisinä" luvulta lähtien, varsinkin fyysisesti raskaisiin ja matalapalkkaisiin töihin.

Monet Duisburgin turkkilaiset osaavat varsin huonosti saksaa. Kaupunkiin on rakenteilla Merkezin moskeija, joka on suurin moskeija sellaisessa maassa, jossa muslimit eivät ole enemmistönä.

EU ja Nordrhein-Westfalenin osavaltio tukevat rakennushanketta yhteensä 3,2 miljoonalla eurolla. Duisburg Dockersilla on toimintaa baseballissa ja amerikkalaisessa jalkapallossa ja OSC Rheinhausenilla muun muassa käsipallossa.

Duisburgilla on kymmenen ystävyyskaupunkia: Duisburg Kreisfreie Stadt Duisburg Duisburgin satama vaakuna. Wikimedia Commonsissa on kuvia tai muita tiedostoja aiheesta Duisburg.

Nordrhein-Westfalenin kaupunkipiirit ja piirikunnat. Noudettu kohteesta " https: Kotoistettuja päivämääriä sisältävät artikkelit Artikkelit, joissa on vanhentuneita linkkejä Merkitse lähde tarkemmin Tietolaatikon nimi-parametri ei vastaa Wikidatassa olevaa nimeä Maantieteeseen liittyvät artikkelit Kaupunki2-tietolaatikon utc ero-parametria käyttävät artikkelit Kaupunki2-tietolaatikon utc ero kesäaika-parametria käyttävät artikkelit Kaupunki2-tietolaatikon kuva vaakuna-parametria käyttävät artikkelit.

Around , gunsmiths made high profits and in , they produced 14, rifles and pistols a year. The city became increasingly important strategically.

Resident in Essen since the 16th century, the Krupp family dynasty and Essen shaped each other. In , Friedrich Krupp founded Germany's first cast-steel factory in Essen and laid the cornerstone for what was to be the largest enterprise in Europe for a couple of decades.

The weapon factories in Essen became so important that a sign facing the main railway station welcomed visitor Benito Mussolini to the "Armory of the Reich " in Essen reached a population of , in Other industrialists, such as Friedrich Grillo, who in donated the Grillo-Theater to the city, also played a major role in the shaping of the city and the Ruhr area in the late 19th and early 20th century.

Riots broke out in February following a breakdown in the supply of flour. There were then strikes in the Krupp factory.

On January 11, , the Occupation of the Ruhr was carried out by the invasion of French and Belgian troops into the Ruhr. On the morning of March 31, it came to the sad culmination of this French-German confrontation.

This event called 13 deaths and 28 injured. The occupation of the Ruhr ended in summer On the night of 10 November , the synagogue was sacked, but remained through the whole war in the exterior almost intact.

Tens of thousands of forced laborers arrived in the Nazi era in Essen camps, forced to Forced labour under German rule during World War II at companies like Krupp, Siemens and for mining work.

As a major industrial centre, Essen was a target for allied bombing, the Royal Air Force RAF dropping a total of 36, long tons of bombs on the city.

The Allied ground advance into Germany reached Essen in April The US th Parachute Infantry Regiment of the 17th Airborne Division , acting as regular infantry and not in a parachute role, entered the city unopposed and captured it on 10 April After the successful invasion of Germany by the allies, Essen was assigned to the British Zone of Occupation.

Although no weaponry is produced in Essen any more, old industrial enterprises such as ThyssenKrupp and RWE remain large employers in the city.

The administration of Essen had for a long time been in the hands of the princess-abbesses as heads of the Imperial Abbey of Essen.

However, from the 14th century onwards, the city council increasingly grew in importance. In , it started choosing two burgomasters , one of whom was placed in charge of the treasury.

In , Essen was granted imperial immediacy [30] but had to abandon this privilege later on. Between the early 15th and 20th centuries, the political system of Essen underwent several changes, most importantly the introduction of the Protestant Reformation in , the annexation of by Prussia , and the subsequent secularization of the principality in The territory was made part of the Prussian Province of Jülich-Cleves-Berg from to , after which it became part of the Prussian Rhine Province until its dissolution in In they founded the Communist Workers' International.

Essen became one of the centres of resistance to Social Democracy and the Freikorps alike. During the Nazi era — , mayors were installed by the Nazi Party.

After World War II , the military government of the British occupation zone installed a new mayor and a municipal constitution modeled on that of British cities.

Later, the city council was again elected by the population. The mayor was elected by the council as its head and as the city's main representative.

The administration was led by a full-time Oberstadtdirektor. In , the position of Oberstadtdirektor was abolished in North Rhine-Westphalia and the mayor became both main representative and administrative head.

In addition, the population now elects the mayor directly. The last local elections took place on 27 September The coat of arms of the city of Essen is a heraldic peculiarity.

Granted in , it is a so-called Allianzwappen arms of alliance and consists of two separate shields under a single crown. Most other coats of arms of cities show a wall instead of a crown.

The crown, however, does not refer to the city of Essen itself, but instead to the secularized ecclesiastical principality of Essen under the reign of the princess-abbesses.

The dexter heraldically right escutcheon shows the double-headed Imperial Eagle of the Holy Roman Empire , granted to the city in The sinister heraldically left escutcheon is one of the oldest emblems of Essen and shows a sword that people believed was used to behead the city's patron Saints Cosmas and Damian.

People tend to connect the sword in the left shield with one found in the Cathedral Treasury. This sword, however, is much more recent. Essen is twinned with: There are cooperations with the following cities: Essen hosts parts of the corporate headquarters of Schenker AG , the logistics division of Deutsche Bahn.

The Coca-Cola Company had originally established their German headquarters in Essen around , where it remained until , when it was moved to the capital Berlin.

In light of the Energy transition in Germany , Germany's largest electric utility E. ON announced that, after restructuring and splitting off its conventional electricity generation division coal, gas, atomic energy , it will move its headquarters to Essen in , becoming a sole provider of renewable energy.

The city's exhibition centre, Messe Essen , hosts some 50 trade fairs each year. It has been described as "the showcase event of the year for the tuning community" [38] and as the German version of the annual SEMA auto show in Las Vegas.

Important fairs restricted to professionals include "Security" security and fire protection , IPM gardening and E-World energy and water.

The Westdeutscher Rundfunk has a studio in Essen, which is responsible for the central Ruhr area. Each day, it produces a minute regional evening news magazine called Lokalzeit Ruhr , a 5-minute afternoon news programme, and several radio news programmes.

A local broadcasting station went on air in the late s. In Essen, the WAZ Group also publishes the local Borbecker Nachrichten at times Germany's largest local newspaper [ citation needed ] and Werdener Nachrichten , both of which had been independent weekly newspapers for parts of Essen.

Additionally, Axel Springer run a printing facility for their boulevard-style daily paper Bild in Essen. One renowned educational institution in Essen is the Folkwang University , a university of the arts founded in , which is headquartered in Essen and has additional facilities in Duisburg, Bochum and Dortmund.

In the institution began offering graduate studies and was renamed Folkwang University of the Arts. This coincided with Ruhr. Folkwang University of the Arts.

The University of Duisburg-Essen , which resulted from a merger of the universities of Essen and Duisburg, is one of Germany's "youngest" universities with about 42, Students.

Other fields include nanotechnology , discrete mathematics and "education in the 21st century". Another university in Essen is the private Fachhochschule für Ökonomie und Management , a university of applied sciences with over 6, students and branches in 15 other major cities throughout Germany.

Essen offers a highly diversified health care system with more than 1, resident doctors and almost 6, beds in 13 hospitals, including a university hospital.

The university hospital dates back to , when the city council established a municipal hospital; although it was largely destroyed during World War II , it was later rebuilt, and finally gained the title of a university hospital in It focuses on diseases of the circulatory system West German Heart Centre Essen , oncology and transplantation medicine , with the department of bone marrow transplantation being the second-largest of its kind in the world.

Three Autobahnen touch Essen territory, most importantly the Ruhrschnellweg Ruhr expressway, A 40 , which runs directly through the city, dividing it roughly in half.

In a west-eastern direction, the A 40 connects the Dutch city of Venlo with Dortmund, running through the whole Ruhr area. In the north, the A 42 briefly touches Essen territory, serving as an interconnection between the neighboring cities of Oberhausen and Gelsenkirchen and destinations beyond.

A segment of the A 52 connects Essen with the more southern region around Düsseldorf. On Essen territory, the A 52 runs from the southern boroughs near Mülheim an der Ruhr past the fairground and then merges with the Ruhrschnellweg at the Autobahndreieck Essen-Ost junction east of the city centre.

An extension of the A 52 to connect the Essen-Ost junction with the A 42 to close this gap is considered urgent; [44] it has been planned for years but not yet been realized — most importantly due to the high-density areas this extension would lead through, resulting in high costs and concerns with the citizens.

As with most communes in the Ruhr area, local transport is carried out by a local, publicly owned company for transport within the city, the DB Regio subsidiary of Deutsche Bahn for regional transport and Deutsche Bahn itself for long-distance journeys.

The local carrier, Ruhrbahn, is a member of the Verkehrsverbund Rhein-Ruhr VRR association of public transport companies in the Ruhr area, which provides a uniform fare structure in the whole region.

The U-Stadtbahn, which partly runs on used Docklands Light Railway stock, is a mixture of tram and full underground systems with 20 underground stations for the U-Stadtbahn and additional 4 underground stations used by the tram.

Two lines of the U-Stadtbahn are completely intersection-free and hence independent from other traffic, and the U18 line leading from Mülheim main station to the Bismarckplatz station at the gates of the city centre partly runs above ground amidst the A 40 motorway.

Essen Hauptbahnhof Main Station. Essen Hauptbahnhof in the city centre. On the same motorway, a long-term test of a guided bus system is being held since Many Ruhrbahn rail lines meet at the main station but only a handful of bus lines.

All Ruhrbahn lines, including the Nacht Express lines, are closed on weekdays from 1: Of the Rhein-Ruhr S-Bahn net's 13 lines, 5 lines lead through Essen territory and meet at the Essen Hauptbahnhof main station, which also serves as the connection to the Regional-Express and Intercity-Express network of regional and nationwide high-speed trains, respectively.

Further 20 S-Bahn stations can be found in the whole urban area. All vehicles and staff were merged and are now operated together. While the first flights had already arrived in , it was officially opened on 25 August It was heavily damaged during the war, yet partly reconstructed and used by the Allies as a secondary airport since visibility is less often obscured than at Düsseldorf Airport.

For decades, the coal mine current form mainly from , closed in and the coking plant closed in ranked among the largest of their kinds in Europe.

Shaft XII, built in Bauhaus style, with its characteristic winding tower, which over the years has become a symbol for the whole Ruhr area, is considered an architectural and technical masterpiece, earning it a reputation as the "most beautiful coal mine in the world".

Under the direction of an agency borne by the land of North Rhine-Westphalia and the city itself, several arts and design institutions settled mainly on the grounds of the former coal mine; a redevelopment plan for the coking plant is to be realised.

The Ruhrmuseum , a museum dedicated to the history of the Ruhr area, which had been existing since , opened its gates as one of the anchor attractions in the former coal-washing facility in The former collegiate church of Essen Abbey and nowadays cathedral of the Bishop of Essen is a Gothic hall church made from light sandstone.

The first church on the premises dates back to between and ; the current church was constructed after a former church had burnt down in However, the important westwork and crypt have survived from Ottonian times.

The cathedral is located in the centre of the city which evolved around it. It is not spectacular in appearance and the adjacent church St. Johann Baptist , which is located directly within the pedestrian precinct, is often mistakenly referred to as the cathedral.

The cathedral treasury, however, ranks amongst the most important in Germany since only few art works have been lost over the centuries.

The most precious exhibit, located within the cathedral, is the Golden Madonna of Essen around , the oldest known sculpture of the Madonna and the oldest free-standing sculpture north of the Alps.

Other exhibits include the alleged child crown of Emperor Otto III , the eldest preserved seven-branched Christian candelabrum and several other art works from Ottonian times.

Golden Madonna of Essen. Cross of Otto and Mathilde , 10th century. Opened in , the then-New Synagogue served as the central meeting place of Essen's pre-war Jewish community.

The building ranks as one of the largest and most impressive testimonies of Jewish culture in pre- war Germany. In post-war Germany, the former house of worship was bought by the city, used as an exhibition hall and later rededicated as a cultural meeting centre and house of Jewish culture.

The city's land register solely lists the property, which at times had a staff of up to people, as a single-family home. The mansion's central clock became the reference clock for the whole Krupp enterprise; every clock was to be set with a maximum difference of half a minute.

It even acquired its own railway station , Essen Hügel , which is still a regular stop. The Krupp family had to leave the Gründerzeit mansion in , when it was annexed by the allies.

Given back in , Villa Hügel is now seat of the Alfried Krupp von Bohlen und Halbach Foundation major shareholder of Thyssen-Krupp and was opened for concerts and sporadic yet high-profile exhibitions.

In the south of the city, the boroughs of Kettwig and Werden exceptionally stand for towns once of their own, which have been annexed in Werden and Kettwig , respectively, and which have largely preserved their pre-annexation character.

While most of the northern boroughs were heavily damaged during the Second World War and often lost their historic town centres; the more southern parts got off more lightly.

Ludger founded Werden Abbey around , 45 years before St. Altfrid founded the later cornerstone of the modern city, Essen Abbey.

The old church of Werden abbey, St. Ludgerus , was designated a papal basilica minor in , while the main building of the former abbey today is the headquarters of the Folkwang University of music and performing arts.

Kettwig, which was annexed in , much to the dismay of the population that still struggles for independence, [50] was mainly shaped by the textile industry.

The most southern borough of Essen is also the city's largest with regard to area and presumably greenest. Grugapark , Kranichwiese facing the Orangerie and the sculpture Orion.

Duisburg 1960 -

So liegt die Besiedlungsdichte in Neudorf bei etwa November um Zu den bekanntesten Restaurants zählen das Restaurant in Duisburgs ältestem Wohngebäude, dem Dreigiebelhaus , das erbaut wurde, und die Gaststätte Lindenwirtin in Duissern, die in einem um gebauten Fachwerkhaus untergebracht ist. Hierdurch kann die Stadt mit zusätzlichen Zuweisungen des Landes NRW zunächst 52,5 Millionen Euro jährlich, ab degressiv rechnen, muss allerdings weiter erhebliche Einsparungen vornehmen, was die Attraktivität für Betriebe, Bürger und Beschäftigte der Stadtverwaltung weiterhin auf eine schwere Probe stellt. Vermehrt suchte die Industrie ausländisches Arbeitskräftepotential. Der Rest steht unter der Verwaltung von Bahn, Hafen und anderen. Das neue jüdische Gemeindezentrum mit Synagoge am Innenhafen wurde eröffnet. Kaupunki sijaitsi tärkeän kauppareitin varrella Reinin ylityspaikan kohdalla. The first silver mine opened inbut the indisputably more important coal was not mentioned untiland coal mining only began in Nu blev Thyssen ett företag inom tillverkningsindustrin och tjänstesektorn. Pre Botanic Gardens Conservation International. The traffic used to stop and everyone would give you abuse Beste Spielothek in Schwarzenbach am Grossing finden looking like an SS officer. Archived from the original on 18 October It has been described as "the the symbol of ra event of the year for the tuning community" [38] and as the German version of the annual SEMA auto show in Las Vegas. Atp challenger 2019, large areas south of the River Ruhr including the jumba bet casino sign up of Schuir and Kettwig are quite green and are often quoted as examples of rural structures in the otherwise relatively densely populated central Ruhr area. Koncernens tillväxt och internationalisering stoppas av första världskriget. That was Beste Spielothek in Pipinsried finden As a major industrial centre, Essen slot gratis netent evolution a target for allied bombing, the Royal Air Force RAF dropping a total of 36, long tons of bombs on the city. In addition, the population now elects the mayor directly. Find a copy Play Rings of Fortune for free Online | OVO Casino the library Finding libraries that hold this item

Duisburg 1960 Video

metrotravel.se Köln MSV Duisburg 1963-1964 Neben diesen Vereinen gibt es noch weitere Clubs aus Duisburg, die mit ihren Mannschaften in den ersten Ligen ihrer Sportarten vertreten sind, teilweise sehr erfolgreich:. Diese wurde jedoch bei einem Bombenangriff zerstört. Die Krise hatte weite Teile des Ruhrgebiets erfasst. In der Bombennacht des 6. Die restlichen neun Moscheen werden in freier Trägerschaft geführt. Liste der Baudenkmäler in Duisburg. Navigation Hauptseite Themenportale Zufälliger Artikel. Der Bürgerentscheid wurde am Diese Seite wurde zuletzt am 2. Alle Schachtanlagen, die zumeist im Duisburger Norden und dem heutigen Duisburger Westen lagen, sind mittlerweile geschlossen worden. Im Mittelalter und der frühen Neuzeit hatte die Stadt lediglich etwa Einwohner. Jahrhundert expandierten fränkische Stämme vom rechten Niederrhein nach Süden und Westen über den Rhein in die zum Teil von Römern und Galloromanen besiedelten Gebiete. Das "Düsenfeld" begeistert vor allem im Sommer mit seinen unterschiedlich hohen Strahlen. Aus Kostengründen wurde im Dezember dann aber die Entscheidung gefällt, die wichtigsten Strecken nördlich der Ruhr auf Normalspur umzuspuren und den Rest stillzulegen. Kurz darauf, , wurde Duisburg an den Grafen von Kleve verpfändet. Allerdings wird in den Medien oft fälschlicherweise nicht der Duisburger Akzent repräsentiert, sondern durch den des östlichen Ruhrgebiets ersetzt. Jahrhundert der zentrale Handelsplatz der Grenzstadt zum Sachsenreich im angestammten Reich der Frankendie durch spielothek automaten Lage am Hellweg und an einer Rheinfurt ausgezeichnet coole soiele. Unter den klevischen Städten war sie die viertwichtigste nach KleveWesel und Xanten. Die Krise hatte weite Teile des Ruhrgebiets erfasst. Das am Rande des Innenhafens gelegene Dreigiebelhaus, errichtetist das älteste noch erhaltene Wohngebäude Duisburgs. Darüber hinaus gibt es noch weitere Sportveranstaltungen in der Stadt. Am Toeppersee befinden sich unter anderem ein Bootsverleih, eine Minigolf - und eine von zwei Duisburger Wasserskianlagen.

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